Mar 23, 2009

Interior Light Tips

Light can define space, substance and style. Outdoors, with the shifting sun and atmospheric conditions, light and the shadows change the appearance of things natural and man made. But in the indoors, the play of natural and artificial lighting largely determine both function and decoration.

Today lighting is considered to be a very important element of decorating scheme. The invention of the incandescent bulb in 1978 revolutionized lighting systems as it allowed light to be easily manipulated. Apart from exploiting natural light by using opaque or transparent glass walls, sky lights, large windows etc. for offices, architect work out the detailed light fittings which are conducive for a work environment. In homes, a careful selection of lights extends and enhances the aesthetics of interiors. Similarly for hotels, showrooms, museums, gardens, water bodies, individual lighting requirements are worked out. Artificial light falling from various angles and heights on different surfaces guide us to perceive various features and dimensions while creating a specific mood. With technological developments and the stress on precision lighting, a variety of lighting fixtures are readily available with options which offer manifold possibilities in terms of effect.

The choice of fitting according to the room , gets very difficult , one gets puzzled off as there are so many varieties in lights like the table lamps , spot lights , clamp lights , recessed / surface mounted lights , up lighters , halogens , incandescent bulb , pendants , fluorescent fixtures and lots of others. Once the basic idea of the space, mood, interior design, highlighting, function of work have been specified, one can then consider the basic types of lighting. Initially only the planned positions of lights need to be decided. Later, the selection of bulbs and the exact effect can be created. One should always keep in mind some of the basic rules while designing the light.

*Every activity that takes place in the interior must have lights of the right kind, intensity and the right direction.
*The eye prefers even lighting with the minimum of contrast between the brightness of the room surfaces and the lighting fixtures.
*The eye works best when the work surface is more brightly lit then the surroundings.
*The eye is stimulated by the contrast of tone and sparkle.
*When room lighting change, color changes or disappear,thus objects become more or less important in the room.
*There are three basic types of lighting which are categorized according to the intensity of the light used.

General lighting
It supplies an overall illumination in the area.

Task lighting

It supplies the required illumination for specific tasks such as reading, painting etc. It directs strong local illumination without high general illumination as required for activities carried in a particular area.

Accent lighting
It offers a decorative element to the area by highlighting the particular objects or features in the area. They are auxiliary to the general lighting and provide an added, and at times, dramatic dimensions to the scheme.

Spaces can be provided with one, two or all types of these lightings, depending upon the requirement. With different types of lighting in each room and dimmers to adjust the intensity of light, an ordinary space can be infused with much dramatic look to convey different moods to suit different times of the day.

LIVING ROOM lighting

*Establish an adequate general illumination level to reduce the accent light, brightness, contrast.
*Illuminate an entire wall with overhead fixtures to provide background for room furnishings.
*Feature window areas with the cosmic lighting.
*Indirect light like that under a pelmet or above a cabinet will supply soft uniform illumination.

*Use dimmers to program lighting moods.
*Play up with the architectural features like ala, niches, mantles etc.
*Highlight artwork and plants with individual lighting arrangements.
*Be sure that the floor, table and hanging fixtures have adequate shades to prevent glare.
*Plan adequate lighting to handle a variety of family activities like rack for display.
*Bar area could use incandescent light to play up sparkling glassware. Lighted shelves or fluorescent fixtures under the front edge of bar are effective.

Dining Room Lighting

The decor of dining room depends upon the culture of the family. A dining room can change the style of eating. So one should be careful while playing with the lights to make the environment relax and easy.
*One must keep the visual emphasis off the ceiling and walls and on the decor of food and guests.
*Ceiling down lights should fall and focus primarily on dining room table surface.
*Candles and fuel lamps in decorative holders can add special touch to any meal.
Buffet or service areas and chinaware/silverware/crockery displays deserve special lighting emphasis.

Kitchen Lighting

Kitchen is a place where a lady spends her maximum time so it should have comfortable and fresh feeling. Today's kitchens are far removed from the dark dingy spaces one saw earlier.

*General lighting for a kitchen should be well distributed, uniform and as shadow less as possible.
*Fluorescent fixtures reduce the energy demands without sacrificing illumination.
*Even if there is window in the kitchen, install down lighting over a sink for cloudy days or nights.
*Special lighting for key work areas can be installed in the ceiling or in the upper cabinets.
*Provide light for storage areas in pantry or wall cabinets overhead or shelf mounted brackets will do the job.

Bathroom Lighting

Planning and designing is a tedious job. Today's bathroom wears a well dressed look, its design recognizing people's needs to begin and end their day in pleasant surroundings. It is after all an intimate personal place- perhaps the only room in the house where one can be totally private and get much needed peace.

*For a relatively small room, the bath area can use a no. of different types of lighting.
*General lighting is essential in a compact bath, a central ceiling may suffice.
*Medium size and large size baths and especially those with sectioned areas for tub, shower and toilet will require several overhead fixtures.
*The lights are general, recessed into the ceilings or those over a tub or a shower must be watertight and vapour proof. A minimum of 100W incandescent or 60W fluorescent lamp is sufficient.
*The most critical lighting in a bath centers on the mirror area, this is the basic for good grooming. For shaving, make up applications hair care, light should be soft and diffused without glare or shadow.
*Avoid lighting the mirror itself rather light of the person looking into the mirror. The most efficient to light up a person's face is to use three fixtures, one on either side of the mirror or one overhead. Side fixtures should be mounted 30" - 36" apart on the wall and install about 60" above the floor.
*Incandescent fixtures should have a minimum of 75W bulb and fluorescent tubes on either side of 20W and one tube of 30W or two tubes of 15W overhead. Additional bath lighting for specific purposes may include plant lights to take the advantage of bath humidity for growing the flowers and ferns.

Reading Room Lighting

The study is the most important room for the intellectuals, for students as this is the room where one builds his career. In the reading room, one should plan the lights very carefully as the intensity affects a lot on the eyes thus on the health.

*In a study, the priority is to provide adequate illumination for reading and writing. For maximum pleasure of reading and for easier concentration, reading lamps must have a proper quality and quantity of illumination and be placed so that the light falls comfortably on the open page.
*The complete room may be lit with powerful up lighters, down lighters, or the general lighting may be reduced to be supplemented with task lights as required. For the study it is necessary that task lights be supported with general illumination even if it is of low intensity to avoid eye strain.
*Care should be taken where computers are placed; the task light should not produce glare or reflections on the screen. Task lights for writing should be positioned so as to avoid both glare and shadow.
*If floor lamps are used as reading lights, then it should be 40"-49" from the floor to the bottom edge of the shade. The shade should be moderately illuminous to softly diffuse the light and eliminate glare, thus open top shades are preferred.

Swimming Pool Lighting

Water presents a challenging and rewarding medium for lighting. Swimming pools, fountains, waterfalls magically come to life with lighting effects at night.

*For effective swimming pool lighting, the lights are generally set below the water level, into the sides of the pool.
*This should be done while the construction of the pool so as to keep the wiring away from water.
*The lights should be placed to shimmer down the deep end of the pool.
*Fountains are effectively lit by submerged narrow beam sources set near the base of each jet or falling on the flowing water casting a color and sparkle on it. Waterfall comes to life when lit from behind.

Mar 15, 2009

Designed by Permafrost and Katharina Styren, Røys is a multifunctional piece of home furniture that could be a smart storage unit for your books and a sound absorbing room divider too!

What’s different? The acoustic shelf system from Hov furniture industry is an innovative rack system with multifaceted flexible modules. It’s a modular bookshelf and a sound absorbing room divider that lets you enjoy your favorite program or music aloud without disturbing you’re family member on the other side. Set on a slight angle, the shelving provides much visual interest by displaying books on the diagonal.

Mar 11, 2009

3D models created by

3D models created by
Here are 119 additional object files supported by the furniture import wizard available in Sweet Home 3D (the files available in the current version of Sweet Home 3D are surrounded with green):
Spiral staircase
Spiral staircase
Grand staircase
Darker grandstaircase
Coffee table
Glass coffeetable
Wooden coffeetable
Black table
Gnome table
Wood table
Round table
Kitchen table
Black armchair
Kitchen chair
Computer desk
Big corner desk
Computer desk
PC tower
Screen 16:9
TV plug
Telephone plug
Pendant light
Floor lamp
Ubuntu clock
Alarm clock
Venetian blind
Curtain rod
Plate, glassesand cutlery
Water carafe
Wine carafe
Water glass
Long dringglass
Wine glass
Small glass
Toilet paperdispenser
Tissue box
Soap bottle
Toy P40
Peugeot 103
Metal box
Beer barrel
Beer pump
Loft double bed
Micro wave
Glass doorkitchen cabinet
Upright piano
Piano stool
Deck chair
Hat and coatstand
Rounded edgesrailing
Rounded edgesrailing
5 panes window
Rectangular5 panes window
Picture window
SlidingFrench doors
Six doorFrench style
Front door
Darker front door
Patio glass door
Patio doorside window
Patio glass doorunit
Simple shutter
Two partsshutter
Garage door
Small chest
Black dresser
Black glass-door cabinet
Recycle container

Feb 27, 2009

Interior Design Plans & Project - Learning Interior Design

If you want to redecorate your entire home, then learning interior design and decorating might be the thing to do. So, with that in mind, interior design software could be one of your purchases, especially if you don't want to employ a decorator. There are of course advantages and disadvantages to the whole idea of "Do It Yourself". First, If you're not a computer-friendly person then you might find it a bit difficult to pilot the waters of interior design software. Again, there is always the alternative, to get yourself an interior decorator where you will shell out substantially more than you can afford. Which in turn, means that you might have to cut down on some of your decorating needs. If you are anything like me, you would be saying right now - "I don't think so!"

Now, here you are, you have made the decision to give it a go yourself. Leaving the designers and decorators behind. Congratulations! It needn't be as difficult as you think and can even be absolute incredible fun. The only time that you'll truly might get a worry is when you need to do your budget. After that it's a matter of sliding your way downhill through your home interior design plan. And hopefully with barely any bumps or detours. But, those can be exspected, so don't get discouraged, keep moving forward in your interior design plans.

ow back to the software. If you're not too well-situated with your artistic abilities and visual image skills you might look to some relief of a well know friend to help you understand the software. However, if you are a die hard and want to learn it yourself, by all means, don't hesitate. The learning will pay off for you. It doesn't actually matter either way how you go about it as long as you get you home interior design project off the ground

After all there's only so long that you can stand and watch your house fall to pieces around you. Ok, Though that might have been a bit of an exaggeration, if you're thinking about home interior design or remodeling then now is the time to do it. If you put it off now, there's no telling when and if there will be a next timeAnd one of the very first things you can do for your home interior design project will be to decide precisely what you're going to do. For example, are you going to go through the entire house one room at a time or are you going to do only one or two rooms right now. This is an important decision, so take your time and make sure it is what you want to do. This decision dictates the how, what and when of then next phases.

After you decide that, then you can move on to the next phase which is provision, what you're planning to do. And this is where the home interior design software comes in handy. I told you earlier, the learning will pay off, well guess what, here is where it pays off. With this little visual image aid you can imagine what your redecorating plans will do to your rooms and make your life just that much more easier. And in the end that's really what you want isn't it, to make your life easier. So, stop putting it off with excuses. Learn the fundamentals of interior design and decorating, get yourself a good piece of interior design software and bring you home back to life.

Feb 25, 2009



Die Unterschrankleuchte Coffee-Light vom Antholgie Quartett wurde im Jahr 2004 von Bernhard Stellmacher entworfen.

Die dekorative Kaffeetassenleuchte ist einer klassischen Limoges-Tasse nachempfunden und wird zur Montage inklusive eines kleinen Trafos geliefert.

Die Collage aus stereometrischer Grundform und Alltagsgegenstand bietet sich nicht nur zum Einsatz in der Küche an, sondern verblüfft durch ihre Einfachheit und Witz überall dort, wo man mit Geschirr umgeht.

Material: Porzellan
Leuchtmittel: 1x12V 20W G4 (inkl.)
Abmessung: ø 150x65mm

Feb 23, 2009

FlexibleLove 16 - Stretchable Chair seats 1 to 16


My friend Robert has an eye for design and tipped me off to an incredible "folding chair" by Pinzaan -- although folding is a bit of a misnomer. To say this chair folds is akin to describing origami as merely folded paper. This chair is less about folding than it is about expanding. While we're at it, "chair" is a bit misleading too. So consider this a story about incredible expanding seating.


Made of honey-combed cardboard, the FlexibleLove is a cross between Frank Gehry'sWiggle Chair (at least the cardboard part) and Richard James' Slinky. Closed, it weighs all of 55 lbs (25kg) and compresses to a very slinky 25" x 22" x 8" form (wide enough for one 5-year old -- or an adult's solo butt-cheek), but it expands to nearly 24 feet and can withstand up to 4230 lbs! (The manufacturer calculates the capacity to be adequate for 16 people -- which might be tolerable on a subway during rush hour but not for any prolonged casual seating. We Americans like our space.)

But why quibble about mere details of whether or not it is 12 or 16 bottoms that can be loaded onto a "bench" that can be transported home in the back of a car. It is the answer to every holiday dilemma of "how will we accommodate all these people." Further, with its patented accordion design, the FlexibleLove can be snaked and shaped to fit virtually any space. (See the FlexibleLove morph.) 

FlexibleLove is the brain child of Chishen Chiu, a Taiwanese designer who first saw honeycombed cardboard being used to create palettes in lieu of wood. Available only in cardboard brown -- the love seat is decidedly green as it is made from recycled paper and wood. The paper is currently untreated -- so you do have to worry a bit about spills. 

For inquiries, write Pinzaan directly. Available in four different lengths, prices vary USD300 to USD540 retail.  -- Diane

Feb 10, 2009

Why Scale Matters


Floor plans must accurately depict the sizes of real-world objects—buildings, furniture, appliances—in relation to each other.

This requires scaling down the dimensions of all the objects by a common proportion, known as the floor plan's scale.

Scales are usually specified as a ratio, like 1:4. The first number represents units of measurement on the floor plan and the second number represents the equivalent measurement in the real world.

A scale commonly used on floor plans is 1": 48" or 1": 4'. This means that one inch on paper equals 48 inches or 4 feet in real life. This scale is also called the quarter-inch scale (1/4" : 1 foot).


SmartDraw's built-in standard floor plan SmartTemplates are set to the quarter-inch scale by default (metric templates are set to a 1 cm : 0.5 m scale). If you want to change the scale, go to thePage tab and choose Scale from theRulers & Grid group.

Feb 9, 2009

Drawing with a Floor Plan Template

Drawing with a Floor Plan Template

Floor Plans

In order to make drawing floor plans as easy as possible, SmartDraw comes with hundreds of SmartTemplates you can use as a starting point. Just pick the type of floor plan you want to draw and choose the appropriate template.


SmartDraw's SmartTemplates are not really "blank". They open with all the correct settings to make drawing as quick as possible including docked libraries, a drawing specific SmartPanel with all the key shortcuts to making a perfect diagram, and SmartHelp with step-by-step by instructions.


Using the Floor Plan SmartPanel and SmartHelp

To help simplify the process of making a complex floor plan, all the floor plan templates in SmartDraw will open with a diagram-specific SmartPanel to the left of the Work Area.

The SmartPanel condenses drawing your floor plan into a few easy steps that walk you through whatever you need to create with SmartDraw. If you need more help, you can reference the attached SmartHelp for more instruction.

You can go from a blank page to a completed diagram in just minutes—just follow the instructions on the panel!

Feb 8, 2009

11 Tips for Effective Space Planning

You can save yourself a lot of time and trouble by taking careful measurements and thinking through the following issues before you start drawing.

1) When measuring existing spaces, lay your measuring tape flat on the floor and measure room dimensions in several places, especially where furniture will be a tight fit. Don't assume your walls are parallel.


2) Before laying out furniture, look for projecting windowsills, and note the location of electrical receptacles, light switches, vents and thermostats.

3) When placing a desk or chair, ask yourself "What do I want to be looking at when I sit there?"

4) When planning an office, first determine whether the occupant's back will be toward the door. Some people feel very strongly about this. Other design decisions will flow from this basic choice.

5) To reduce glare, try to avoid having computer monitors directly facing windows.

6) Leave enough empty space in front of filing cabinets to fully extend the drawer, plus at least 18 additional inches (1 foot, 6 inches) if the drawers will be accessed by a person standing in front of them. *

Additional Inches

7) Allow adequate working space at desks or cubicles. The distance from the working side of a desk to the nearest wall or furniture should be at least 42 inches (3 feet, 6 inches), although most people find 54 (4 feet, 6 inches) or 60 inches (5 feet) more comfortable.

Adequate Working Space

8) The walkway between a piece of furniture and a wall should be at least 30 inches (2 feet, 6 inches) in a residential space (36", or 3 feet, is preferred). In a public space it should be at least 36 inches (42", or 3'6", is preferred). *

9) To get a feel for the width of a walkway before placing furniture, put a tape line on the floor to see how different dimensions would feel.

10) When placing furniture on a residential plan, remember that most furniture will actually sit 2 or 3 inches from the wall.

11) Don't line all the furniture up along the walls. Break up spaces by placing pieces out in the room. Setting rugs, sofas, or other furniture at angles can help avoid an overly rigid feel.

Break Up Spaces

What is a Floor Plan?


Jan 4, 2009

Interior House Painting Rules

1. Slosh Your Brush

Before painting, slosh your brush in whatever solvent you will be using at the end of the day to clean the brush (i.e., water for latex, mineral spirits for oil, etc.) It'll be easier to clean when you're done.

2. Wrap Brush or Roller

If you don't feel like cleaning your brush or roller at the end of the day and expect to get back to painting within a few days--wrap the brush or roller tightly in a plastic bag and put in the freezer.

3. Latex Gloves or Lotion, Your Pick

Latex gloves are great for keeping your hands clean (especially if you're using oil-based paint!). If you can't stand latex gloves or are allergic, a thick application of hand lotion before painting will make cleaning a lot easier later on.

4. Wet Edge

Always keep a wet edge as you paint, and work away from that wet edge. If you paint over a dry edge, you will get overlap marks.

5. Avoid Cheap Roller Covers and Brushes

This one is important. Cheap roller covers leave fuzz on the wall. Cheap brushes leave streaky brush marks. Avoid those multi-packs of rollers, ten for a dollar. Pay the extra few cents and get better tools. It'll be worth it. Honest it will.

6. Test for Loose Paint

Will the existing painted surface take new paint? And hold it for years to come? Test this out by adhering a strip of duct tape to the existing painted surface and...ripping it away. If flakes of paint more than microscopic size come off, you may need to scrape and sand.

7. Low-Stick Masking Tape

Also known as "blue tape," this tape comes off easier and doesn't peel off primer or existing paint. Blue tape, by itself, will save you at least an hour of frustration over the old-style beige masking tape.

8. Rein in Your Paint Can Opener

Paint can openers, those little metal keys (you do use one, don't you?) are notorious for getting lost in the shuffle. Chain it to a small chunk of wood just like a public bathroom key. Whatever you do, just don't lose it!

9. Painting Process

Paint in this order:
And remember to always paint from top-down!

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